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How Safe Is Surgery in Pregnancy – Benefits, Risks & Precautions

December 16, 2022 | 07:14 pm
women's hospital in Whitefield

If you are an expecting mother planning to go for surgery or looking for a reliable women’s hospital in Bangalore, there’s something you need to know before making any decision. The choice to opt for surgery during pregnancy can be challenging. Also, it’s often done because of necessity instead of desire.


Typically, surgical risks can be greater if a woman is pregnant owing to the changes that take place in the body during the period.

Not every pregnant woman needs to undergo surgery. In many cases, the procedure can be avoided. Let’s say if a woman is pregnant and everything is right in place, there’s no need for surgery. But that’s not always the case. Contrary to this, numerous surgeries including a C section are normally part of pregnancy.

So before you search for the best surgical hospital for women in Whitefield or other parts of Bangalore, here’s everything you should know about surgery during pregnancy

Pregnancy and Surgeries

Most pregnant women might be surprised to know the majority of non-obstetric surgeries or procedures unrelated to pregnancy are quite safe. With some basic precautions, pregnant women may consider surgery for medical emergencies and other reasons. For instance, a pregnant mom suffering from appendicitis would need a surgical procedure. If left untreated, a ruptured or damaged appendix may potentially be life-threatening to both the mother and baby.

Thanks to the advanced women’s hospitals in Whitefield such as Kinder Hospital, now pregnant women with medical emergencies can lead a healthy life & enjoy motherhood without risks.

Why Do Pregnant Women Need Surgery?

Roughly 1-2 percent of pregnant women need non-obstetric surgery. Here are the most common reasons why women need surgery during pregnancy:

  • Pancreatitis
  • Bowel Obstruction
  • Accidental Trauma Surgery
  • Appendicitis
  • Cholecystitis (Gallbladder Inflammation)

If the reason behind the surgery is cosmetic, it’s best to postpone the procedure until the baby is born and the mother is back to normal health. However, some situations can be tricky. Suppose an Obgyn suspects a mass in a pregnant woman’s ovary, although the case may not be an emergency, it shouldn’t be postponed for long either.

Below are some recommendations to guide better decisions concerning surgery during pregnancy:

  • A pregnant woman should not ignore the need for surgery if necessary, irrespective of the trimester.
  • Non-urgent surgery can be performed during the second trimester if possible. It can be done when the risks of preterm delivery, miscarriage, or preterm contractions are the least.
  • Non-emergency, elective surgery can be performed after delivery.

Fortunately, medical emergency surgeries during pregnancy tend to bring favorable outcomes for both the moms and their babies. That being said, pregnant women must consult certified surgeons at the best women’s hospital in Whitefield to decide whether or not surgery is crucial to them.

What’s Safe and When?

Surgery During First Trimester

Surgeons often avoid surgery during the first trimester whenever possible. This is done to avoid the risks related to anesthesia and more drugs that are administered during the embryogenesis period. It’s the time when the baby is being formed. If there’s a need for surgery, but it’s not of an emergency nature, you should postpone it to the second trimester.

Surgery During Second Trimester

Most surgeons consider this period the safest & most productive time to perform surgeries in pregnant women, especially when it can’t be delayed to post-delivery. During this period, the risks of preterm delivery, contractions, or miscarriage are the least. In addition, the uterus is not as large as it usually becomes during the third trimester, making abdominal procedures easier for the surgeon to perform. All you need to do is visit the best surgical hospital for women in Whitefield, consult the experts, book your appointment, and let them take care of your health.

Surgery During Third Trimester

Since the uterus usually expands during the third trimester to help the growing baby, special considerations are made for abdominal surgeries, for example, appendectomies. It becomes more technically and medically challenging to perform surgery as the trimester leaps into the end stage. Based on the condition and requirements, the surgeon might need to adjust the regular technique – for instance, switch to open incision from laparoscopy. There is less risk of preterm labor starting during or post-surgery during this period.


Surgery during pregnancy is safe & effective given you visit only the best women’s hospital in Bangalore or wherever you live. However, it should only be considered when there’s an emergency or it can’t wait. Surgery through experienced hands is quite safe even during pregnancy. It brings along recognized advantages, yet if left to amateurs, the risk of miscarriage is there, with a comparable preterm birth rate. In short, before opting for surgery, the patient and family should thoroughly consult and learn everything about the procedure they opt for, the pros & cons, and the post-surgery impacts of the surgical approaches to make the most mindful decision.

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