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Period Pain or Something More? Understanding the Causes of Severe Menstrual Cramps

Approved By: Dr. Lakshmi Devi M June 19, 2024 | 12:54 pm

Period pain is also more commonly referred to as menstrual cramps. Some women face severe to moderate period pain in their abdomen before or during their menstrual cycle. While for many women, the pain can be tolerable but annoying, for others the pain can be so severe that it requires professional pain management intervention.  Infact, statistics show that at least one in four women experience severe period discomfort necessitating the requirement for medication.

It is important to understand what menstrual cramps are and how you can effectively manage your period pain every month. Consulting a good women’s health specialist can help you understand your body during your menstrual cycle and also guide you on ways to manage your period pain.

What are menstrual cramps?

Menstrual cramps also known as dysmenorrhea is a pain that occurs in the abdomen area just before or during your menstrual cycle. The severity of pain may vary from person to person.

What causes period pain?

Although there are many reasons for period pain, we can broadly categorize dysmenorrhea into two types:

  • Primary dysmenorrhea is a common type of menstrual pain that may occur due to an excess of prostaglandin, a chemical produced by your uterus during menstruation. This chemical causes muscle contractions in your uterus which brings about the pain.
  • Secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by underlying conditions like endometriosis, premenstrual syndrome, uterine fibroids, pelvic inflammatory disease, and cervical stenosis among other such conditions.

Symptoms of menstrual cramps or period pain

Period pain manifests in the lower abdomen area and can be moderate or intense pain. The pain may even begin two or three days before the start of your period and may subside after a few days.

Dysmenorrhea can also be a pain that radiates to your lower back and thigh area.

In extreme cases, some women also experience, nausea and dizziness as symptoms of menstrual cramps. A Survey shows that different women may have different menstrual pain experiences.

best gynecologist in Bangalore

Managing menstrual cramps

It is advisable to visit the best gynaecologist near you to diagnose the root cause of your period pain. Accordingly, your gynecologist will guide you on the best pain management techniques.

While moderate menstrual pain can be managed to a certain extent with the help of home remedies, it is always better to consult a women’s health specialist for professional advice.

Practicing relaxation techniques like yoga can help you manage your pain to a great extent. Also, exercising and eating right will go a long way in easing your discomfort during your menstrual cycle.

If you are experiencing severe or intense period pain it could be because of an underlying medical condition. Visit a hospital for women’s health near you to get the best diagnosis and advice.

A good gynaecologist may prescribe effective medication or anti-inflammatory drugs that are suitable for your condition. Further, your gynecologist may perform imaging tests like CT scans or an ultrasound for a better diagnosis.

Additionally, it is always important to remember never to take over-the-counter drugs without consulting your gynecologist.

Many of these over-the-counter drugs may give you instant relief but not without long-term side effects. That is why, it is crucial to get professional advice from a good gynaecologist near you before taking any medication for menstrual cramps.


Kinder Women’s Hospital and Fertility Centre is the best hospital for women’s health in Bangalore. Our team of dedicated professionals comprises of excellent healthcare providers and the best gynecologists in Bangalore.

As part of our dedication and passion for women’s health and menstrual hygiene, our team of compassionate women’s health specialists offers counseling and guidance sessions to patients.

At Kinder Women’s Hospital and Fertility Centre, we have on board the best gynaecologists in Whitefield Bangalore who have years of experience in the field of women’s health.

Over the years, we have grown to become one of the most preferred choices for women and child care in Bangalore. Our state-of-the-art facilities coupled with a team of the best doctors in the field have given us added leverage in health care in Bangalore.  We also believe in providing our patients with the best care at the most affordable costs.

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